fire


fire
fire1 W1S1 [faıə US faır] n
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1¦(flames that destroy things)¦
2¦(flames for heating/cooking etc)¦
3¦(heating equipment)¦
4¦(shooting)¦
5¦(be attacked)¦
6¦(emotion)¦
7 fire in your belly
8¦(sick/injured)¦
9 light a fire under somebody
10 go through fire (and water) (for somebody)
11 fire and brimstone
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[: Old English; Origin: fyr]
1.) ¦(FLAMES THAT DESTROY THINGS)¦ [U and C]
uncontrolled flames, light, and heat that destroy and damage things
The warehouse was completely destroyed by fire.
Thirty people died in a fire in downtown Chicago.
Police think that the fire was started deliberately.
Rioters set fire to a whole row of stores.
Sparks from the fireplace could easily set the curtains on fire .
The house is on fire !
It took firefighters several hours to put out the fire .
Residents were evacuated when fire broke out in a block of flats yesterday.
One of the plane's engines had caught fire .
People were throwing water on the flames, but the fire was burning more strongly every minute.
smoke from smouldering fires
A massive forest fire is still raging in western Java.
2.) ¦(FLAMES FOR HEATING/COOKING ETC)¦
burning material used to heat a room, cook food etc, or get rid of things you do not want
Can you put another log on the fire?
by the fire/in front of the fire
Come and sit in front of the fire.
a log fire
a coal fire
a camp fire (=when you are camping)
make/build/start/light a fire
You put up the tent and I'll make a fire.
An open fire (=a fire that burns wood or coal in a fireplace) was burning in the front room.
Mr Trotter sat by the roaring fire .
the dying embers of the fire (=pieces of wood, coal etc that have almost been completely burned)
3.) ¦(HEATING EQUIPMENT)¦ BrE
a machine that produces heat to warm a room, using gas or electricity as power
a gas fire
an electric fire
turn the fire on/off
Turn on the fire, I'm cold.
turn the fire up/down
(=make it hotter or colder)
4.) ¦(SHOOTING)¦[U]
shots fired from a gun, especially many guns at the same time
Troops opened fire on (=started shooting at) the demonstrators.
These women did vital work, often under enemy fire .
The rebels agreed to hold their fire (=not shoot) .
be in the line of fire atline1 (35)
5.) ¦(BE ATTACKED)¦
be/come under fire
a) to be severely criticized for something you have done - used in news reports
Rail chiefs came under fire after raising train fares for the second time this year.
b) to be shot at
be/come under fire from
Our patrol came under fire from rooftop gunmen.
6.) ¦(EMOTION)¦[U]
a very strong emotion that makes you want to think about nothing else
fire of
the fire of religious fanaticism
7.) fire in your belly
a strong desire to achieve something
Three years later, Ali returned to boxing with a new fire in his belly.
8.) ¦(SICK/INJURED)¦
be on fire
literary a part of your body that is on fire feels very painful
9.) light a fire under sb
AmE spoken to do something that makes someone who is being lazy start doing their work
10.) go through fire (and water) (for sb)
old-fashioned to do something very difficult and dangerous for someone
11.) fire and brimstone
a phrase describing Hell, used by some religious people
→↑ceasefire,add fuel to the fire/flames atadd, fight fire with fire atfight1 (18), get on like a house on fire athouse1 (13), hang fire athang1 (12), play with fire atplay1 (26), set the world on fire atworld1 (22), there's no smoke without fire atsmoke1 (5)
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COLLOCATES for sense 1
start a fire (=deliberately make a fire start burning)
set fire to something/set something on fire (=deliberately make something start burning)
be on fire (=be burning)
put out a fire (=stop a fire burning)
fight a fire (=try to make a fire stop burning)
a fire breaks out (=a fire starts suddenly)
something catches fire (=something starts burning)
a fire burns
a fire goes out (=a fire stops burning)
a fire rages/blazes (=a fire burns strongly for a long time over a large area)
a fire smoulders (=a little smoke comes from a fire, when it has almost gone out)
forest fire (=a very large fire in a forest)
brush fire (=a very large fire in an area of grass)
house fire
WORD FOCUS: fire
a big fire that causes a lot of damage: blaze, inferno, conflagration (literary)
someone whose job is to put out fires: firefighter, fireman, the fire department (AmE), the fire brigade (BrE)
See also: flame
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fire 2
fire2 W3S3 v
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1¦(shoot)¦
2¦(job)¦
3¦(excite)¦
4¦(questions)¦
5 wood-fired/gas-fired/coal-fired
6¦(clay)¦
7¦(engine)¦
8 be firing on all cylinders
Phrasal verbs
 fire away
 fire back
 fire something<=>off
 fire somebody<=>up
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1.) ¦(SHOOT)¦ [I and T]
to shoot bullets or bombs
fire at/on/into
Soldiers fired on the crowd.
fire sth at sb
The police fired two shots at the suspects before they surrendered.
fire a gun/weapon/rifle etc
(=make it shoot)
the sound of a gun being fired
fire bullets/missiles/rockets etc
Guerrillas fired five rockets at the capital yesterday, killing 23 people.
2.) ¦(JOB)¦ [T]
to force someone to leave their job
British Equivalent: sackbe/get fired
She didn't want to get fired.
fire sb from sth
I've just been fired from my job, and I don't know what to do.
fire sb for sth
The airline fired him for being drunk.
3.) ¦(EXCITE)¦ [T]
to make someone feel interested in something and excited about it
= ↑inspire
be fired with enthusiasm
I was fired with enthusiasm to go traveling in Asia.
fire sb's enthusiasm/imagination
stories of magic and adventure that fire children's imaginations
4.) ¦(QUESTIONS)¦
fire questions at sb
to ask someone a lot of questions quickly, often in order to criticize them
5.) wood-fired/gas-fired/coal-fired
using wood, gas, or coal as ↑fuel
a gas-fired stove
a coal-fired boiler
6.) ¦(CLAY)¦ [T]
to bake bricks, clay pots etc in a ↑kiln
fired earthenware
7.) ¦(ENGINE)¦
if a vehicle's engine fires, the petrol is lit to make the engine work
8.) be firing on all cylinders [i]informal
to be thinking or doing something well, using all your mental abilities and energy
When the team's firing on all cylinders, they can beat the best in the league.
fire away phr v
[only in imperative] spoken
used to tell someone that you are ready to answer questions
'Do you mind if I ask you something, Woody?' 'Fire away.'
fire back phr v
to quickly and angrily answer a question or remark
fire back at
President Bush has fired back at his critics.
fire off [fire sth<=>off] phr v
1.) to shoot a bullet, bomb etc into the air
Chuck reloaded and fired off both barrels.
Mexicans have a tradition of firing off guns to welcome in the new year.
2.) to quickly send an angry letter to someone
I fired off a furious letter to the editor.
fire up [fire sb<=>up] phr v
to make someone become very excited, interested, or angry
It was alarming the way she got so fired up about small things.

Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Fire — (f[imac]r), n. [OE. fir, fyr, fur AS. f[=y]r; akin to D. vuur, OS. & OHG. fiur, G. feuer, Icel. f[=y]ri, f[=u]rr, Gr. py^r, and perh. to L. purus pure, E. pure Cf. {Empyrean}, {Pyre}.] 1. The evolution of light and heat in the combustion of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • FIRE — (Heb. אֵשׁ). In the Bible Once humans discovered that fire could be maintained and exploited for their needs, it became one of their most important assets. Fire was used for light, warmth, cooking, roasting, baking, in waging war, and in various… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • fire — [fīr] n. [ME fyr < OE, akin to Ger feuer < IE base * pewōr > Gr pyra, PYRE, Czech pýř, glowing embers] 1. the active principle of burning, characterized by the heat and light of combustion 2. fuel burning in a furnace, fireplace, etc. 3 …   English World dictionary

  • fire — ► NOUN 1) the state of burning, in which substances combine chemically with oxygen from the air and give out bright light, heat, and smoke. 2) an instance of destructive burning. 3) wood or coal burnt in a hearth or stove for heating or cooking.… …   English terms dictionary

  • Fire — Fire, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Fired}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Fring}.] 1. To set on fire; to kindle; as, to fire a house or chimney; to fire a pile. [1913 Webster] 2. To subject to intense heat; to bake; to burn in a kiln; as, to fire pottery. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Fire!! — was an African American literary magazine published in 1926 during the Harlem Renaissance. The publication was started by Wallace Thurman, Zora Neale Hurston, Aaron Douglas, John P. Davis, Richard Bruce Nugent, Gwendolyn Bennett, Countee Cullen,… …   Wikipedia

  • Fire — bezeichnet: ein ehemaliges vierteljährliches Literaturmagazin, siehe Fire!! ein Filmdrama der kanadischen Regisseurin Deepa Mehta, siehe Fire – Wenn Liebe Feuer fängt ein LCD Spiel der Reihe Nintendo Game Watch, siehe auch Bouncing Babies… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • fire — FÍRE, firi, s.f. 1. Mediul natural (împreună cu fiinţele care trăiesc în el). ♢ loc. adv. Peste fire = extraordinar; în cel mai înalt grad. 2. Structură psihică şi morală a unei fiinţe; caracter, temperament. 3. Minte, cuget; cumpăt. ♢ loc. adj.… …   Dicționar Român

  • fire — [n1] burning blaze, bonfire, campfire, charring, coals, combustion, conflagration, devouring, element, embers, flame and smoke, flames, flare, glow, hearth, heat, holocaust, hot spot*, incandescence, inferno, luminosity, oxidation, phlogiston,… …   New thesaurus

  • Fire It Up — can refer to: * Fire It Up (album) , a 1979 album by funk singer Rick James * Fire It Up (Rick James song) , a single also released by Rick James from the same album. * Fire It Up (Black Label Society song) , a 2005 single released from hard rock …   Wikipedia

  • fire — n Fire, conflagration, holocaust are comparable when meaning a blaze that reduces or threatens to reduce one or more buildings to ashes. Fire is the general term referable to such an event, whether it involves one or many buildings and whether it …   New Dictionary of Synonyms


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